Research Group Peter Schall

Institute of Physics, University of Amsterdam

Project: Synthesis of Yb-doped perovskite nanocrystals by ball milling

In recent years, the already excellent optical properties of the inorganic lead-halide perovskite nanocrystals have been extended by means of doping. A remarkable finding was the result of doping the mixed halide perovskite CsPb(Cl/Br)3 with Yb3+ to achieve a photoluminescence quantum yield of the Yb3+ emission of nearly 200%. While this is highly promising for solar applications as downconverter layers on top of traditional silicon solar cells, unfortunately, this emission saturates orders of magnitude below AM1.5 intensities, which presents a significant challenge for this material’s use in such layers. One of the possibilities to increase the emission saturation threshold is the incorporation of more Yb3+ ions into the nanocrystals. Usually in wet chemical synthesis, however, dopant concentrations are thermodynamically limited, putting an upper bound on the concentration of dopant ions that can be incorporated. Ball milling is a technique that can produce supersaturated alloys/solid-solutions of materials that normally don’t mix very well. The perovskite nanocrystals have been synthesized before by ball-milling, producing luminescent samples with high quantum yield. In this project, we attempt to synthesize Yb3+ doped CsPbX3 nanocrystals with different concentrations of Yb3+ by high-energy ball-milling and investigate its optical properties for down-conversion layers for photovoltaics.

The project:
You will explore the synthesis of these highly doped perovskite nanocrystals by our ball-milling setup, and measure the photophysical properties, among others to determine the Yb dopant concentration to optimize the synthesis.

Contact details:
Supervisors: Peter Schall, e-mail: and Katerina Newell
Daily supervisors:  Marco van der Laan, e-mail:, and Ankit Goyal, e-mail:


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